Main Guard Gate – Tiruchirapalli Rock Fort
Trichy, also known as Tiruchirapalli, is the fourth largest city in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, India. It presents an amazing mix of heritage and antiquity as well as a bustling commercial center with excellent infrastructure development.
It is home to a number of ancient temples and interesting monuments, making it a popular tourist destination too. Its wealth of historical architecture and religious structures also make it an important pilgrimage center. Trichy is located on the banks of the majestic Kaveri River and is about 90km from the ocean. This trading city is built strategically around the Rock Fort which dominates the city’s skyline.
The strategic location of the city has resulted in many wars having been fought over it in the centuries gone by. In the eighteenth century, the Nayaks of Madurai took over from the Vijayanagar emperors. They were followed by the Marathas, the Nawabs of Carnatic, the French and finally the British. The mammoth Rock Fort played a major role in these wars and was built in the sixteenth century and further fortified between 1559 and 1563 by Vishwanath Nayak. It has thick double walls as well as a deterring moat around it. In its early days, the Fort was 16.4 km in circumference.
Its strategic location, height, and fortification, as well as it’s Main Guard Gate, helped in keeping the enemies at bay. This square fort was built to enclose the natural rocky outcrop of volcanic gneiss with an impressive height of 237 feet. The rock is also believed to be around 3,800 years old. In modern-day Trichy, this Rock Fort forms a major landmark and is a popular tourist destination. It offers panoramic views of the city, the Srirangam Island and the meandering Kaveri River from the top and is well worth the 417 steps climb to get there. There are 3 historically-significant temples also located on this rock.
A huge north-facing Main Guard Gate forms the main entrance to the fort complex. Located on the major fort wall, this fort gate encloses the periphery of the Rock Fort and its temples, palaces, lakes, and bazaars. This imposing stone edifice is a strong reminder of the tumultuous wars of centuries past.
With so much historical and religious grandeur abounding in Trichy, it is a must-visit location for tourists. Getting to Trichy is easy as it is well-connected by air, rail, and good roads. Excellent lodging facilities are also available, such as the charming Sangam Hotel where you can enjoy the authentic essence of this heritage-rich city.